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Succulents (succulentus) are represented by plants that have special tissues that store water. Most often, in natural conditions, such plants grow in arid areas. However, the cultivation and propagation of these crops by flower growers is successfully carried out at home.
The following types are the most popular in the conditions of indoor floriculture of succulents:
Beginning gardeners should prefer to grow unpretentious succulents such as Opuntia, Cereus, Echinopsis, Rebutia, Schlumbergera.
Breeding succulents with leaves is a fairly popular option. This method is one of the most economical and common among domestic amateur gardeners:
Until complete rooting, the main care consists in spraying the settled water at room temperature over the surface of the planting soil from a household spray gun. In this way, it is very good to breed sedum and kalanchoe, as well as many grassroots. Some varieties of succulents reproduce well part of the leaf. These plants include Kalanchoe, Gasteria and Havrotia. In this case, a slightly dried leaf fragment should be planted vertically in the planting substrate.
The simplest and most common way to propagate succulents is cuttings. Proper cultivation of drought tolerant culture by cuttings allows you to grow a young plant as soon as possible. Obtaining a strong plant during cuttings involves observing the correct propagation technology:
Rooting cuttings can be carried out in water or moistened fine-grained sand:
For rooting in water, cuttings from milkweed and thickworm are best suited. Sansevieria is best propagated in the sand. After a sufficiently developed root system is formed on the handle, the young plant must be transplanted to a permanent place in a flower pot filled with a nutritious planting mixture.
Fresh seeds are best suited for seed propagation, which must be pre-washed and sown with a peat-sand mixture. The planting substrate must be sterilized in the oven. The landing tank must necessarily have high-quality drainage holes and a drainage layer.
To saturate the soil substrate with moisture, it is necessary to install a tank with crops in a pan with water. The temperature regime before emergence should be approximately 22-24aboutC. The average time required for emergence of seedlings is two to three weeks, but may vary depending on the quality of the seed and the type of propagated plant. Seeding seedlings that have appeared can be done in about six months or a year.
Young and not yet fully grown after rooting succulents need the most competent care:
It should be noted that young specimens of decorative culture need annual replanting, while larger and older plants can be replanted every two to three years.
When leafing rooting and grafting, it is very important to pay attention to the following points, which may occur with the mentioned methods of propagation of succulents:
It is important to remember that the most favorable period for the propagation of succulents grown as a street culture is spring or summer, and in indoor floriculture this category of ornamental plants can be propagated almost year-round.