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Yucca filamentous (Yucca filamentosa) is a popular perennial evergreen among foreign amateur gardeners. It is characterized by the formation of a practically stemless aerial part with a base of a woody type. Belongs to the genus Yucca and the family Asparagaceae.
Perennial and evergreen shrub plant has linear lanceolate and flat leaves, basal location. The foliage growing from the outlet has a blue-green color. The length of the leaves can vary between 30-90 cm, and the width can be 20-40 mm. The apical part is sharply pointed, soft or hard. On the edges of foliage are hanging threads that can fall over time.
Flowering filamentous yucca at home is quite rare. Paniculose inflorescences, ranging in length from 1.0-3.5 m. The flowers have a creamy-white color, but sometimes they can be yellowish-white or white in color with the presence of a slightly expressed greenish tint. The length of each drooping, six-petal flower varies between 50-80 mm. After flowering, on the aerial part of the decorative culture, fruits are formed in the form of a rounded and dry box 4.5x2 cm in size. Seed black stain, thin, relatively large.
Even non-blooming yuccas of this species are very decorative due to the presence of large leaf rosettes represented by sharp bluish leaves. In recent years, yucca filamentous has been quite often grown in the middle lane of our country and the Moscow region, where the decorative and tropical culture is able to grow and also winter quite successfully, but subject to all agrotechnical requirements, which allows the exotic to get acclimated as successfully as possible during the summer period and increase leaf sockets:
Subject to the planting technology and quality care, peduncles with a large number of buds are formed in the first decade of summer around the fourth year of life of the decorative culture. After flowering, a sufficient number of daughter sockets are formed, suitable for propagating a false street palm. If the landing was carried out as competently as possible, then
further care of tropical decorative culture is not difficult:
Yucca filamentous is characterized by the presence of a clear cyclical growth process and development. After planting for several years, the size of the aerial part increases, after which the flowering period begins, accompanied by the formation of a high peduncle. After flowering in the open ground, seed material does not form, due to the lack of natural pollinators.
In recent years, in flower shops you can increasingly find yucca seeds, but, according to experts in the cultivation of false palms, it is not recommended to grow such an ornamental culture from seeds. Plants obtained by seed propagation do not have sufficient indicators of frost resistance and freeze when cultivated in open ground conditions.
In the Moscow Region, getting your own yucca filamentous seeds will not work at all due to the absence of nocturnal butterflies pollinating a tropical culture. Of course, as an experiment, you can sow yucca seeds in a nutrient soil substrate in early spring or mid-autumn, but you must remember that with this reproduction it is not always possible to obtain seedlings. Ideally for sowing seeds, a mixture based on drainage, sheet soil and coarse sand in equal proportions is suitable. Crops need to be covered and installed in a place with good lighting and temperature conditions at level 20aboutC. Shoots appear after about four weeks.
In indoor floriculture, filamentous yucca is not grown too often. The plant does not tolerate the lack of fresh air, and to maintain decorative indicators, it is necessary to provide roomy false palm with proper care:
It is important to note that filamentous yucca belongs to the category of the most unpretentious crops, and even with massive damage to the aerial part, the formation of foliage of a false palm quickly resumes, and when creating conditions comfortable for growth and development, a tropical plant will delight lush flowering for a long time.