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Fuchsia (Fúchsia) - a perennial ornamental plant belonging to the family Cypress (Onagraceae). A significant number of species or varieties are suitable for cultivation as an ornamental horticultural crop; therefore, a flowering plant is widely used in landscape design.
The genus of the plant includes several dozen species, and numerous wild-growing species naturally grow in mountain forests, in partial shade. A decorative fuchsia garden flower has opposing foliage, but some species are characterized by whorled or alternate leaves. Foliage in the form of lanceolate, ovate, serrate, serrate, or whole.
Flowers can have different colors and shapes. After flowering, juicy, berry-like fruits are formed. In appearance, the aerial part of the plant is bushy or creeping. Fuchsia can be grown in ampel, bush or standard form. Decorative flowering culture can be classified as unpretentious plants, so grow fuchsia in the garden on a flower garden in the open ground, even a beginner grower can.
The cultivation of fuchsia in flower gardens on the street or in a pot and flowerpot suggests the right choice of variety, as well as compliance with planting technology and competent care at all stages of growth and development of decorative culture. When choosing a variety, it is recommended to pay attention not only to the characteristics and duration of flowering, but also indicators of resistance to adverse external factors.
Shrub, abundantly flowering, self-branching, vigorous plant up to 50-60 cm tall
Dark green, serrated edges, medium size
Sepals are glossy type, bright red.
Shrub variety favorably with sufficient resistance to sunlight
Not large, medium green
Pistoid hybrid form with salmon-orange sepals
A plant with straight shoots. Vigorous, medium-branching three-leafed form with early and plentiful, very long flowering
Characteristic green coloring, relatively large sizes
Salmon-orange simple flowers of medium size. Long perianth tube and beautiful racemose
Shrub type medium-sized and slightly branching plant up to 30-35 cm high
Not large, dark green
Medium-sized double flowers with pink sepals and a lavender-lilac skirt
American bush mid-season self-branching early flowering variety
Light green, relatively large sizes
Large Resmer Terry Flowers with Pink-Red Sepals and Purple Skirt
Time-tested Australian semi-ampel and abundantly flowering, self-branching and mid-sized variety.
Medium green staining, not too large.
The flowers are composed of white with green tips of sepals and a lavender-blue skirt.
An American cultivar with more than half a century of history, forms a semi-ampelous and abundantly flowering weakly-branched and vigorous plant
Very large light green foliage with reddish stalks and veins
Terry, very large flowers with rich red sepals and
Ampelous, flowering, self-branching, vigorous and fast-growing, large-flowered plant
Light green stain with red petioles
Large double flowers with white sepals and pink multi-tiered skirt
Semi-ampel type, vigorous and slightly branching
Medium green, fairly dense foliage
Terry flowers, large, dense, with creamy sepals and skirt
Shrub and very plentifully flowering vigorous plants up to 45-50 cm high.
The foliage is dark green, glossy, serrated at the edges.
Huge bright double flowers with white sepals and a coral red skirt.
Bush abundantly flowering, self-branching, medium-sized variety with a height of not more than 35 cm
Medium green staining
Dense, very large flowers with rich red, glossy sepals and a lilac skirt
Despite the fact that fuchsias are most often cultivated in the form of a houseplant, this beautifully flowering flower may well be grown in open ground. To obtain abundant flowering, you need to plant fuchsia correctly:
Fuchsia should be planted on open flower gardens in May or June. Approximately a couple of weeks after planting, the ornamental culture is well rooted and, if properly maintained, grows well enough.
Caring for garden fuchsia is not too difficult, but it is recommended to pay attention to compliance with the regime of irrigation measures and top dressing. Lush, lasting and maximally plentiful flowering will be promoted by frequent spraying and sufficiently plentiful watering, timely high-quality top dressing.
Proper irrigation measures are the most important part of growing fuchsia. The number and frequency of irrigation directly depends on a large number of factors, including varietal characteristics, the stage of growth and development, the location of the ornamental culture, soil composition on the site and weather conditions. High temperatures cause intense evaporation, therefore foliage of fuchsia should be sprayed periodically.
However, excessive soil moisture in the flower garden can displace oxygen from the soil, and causes rotting of the root system, as well as subsequent death of the decorative culture. When the soil is dry, the plant can dump all the foliage. The drooping leaves serve as a signal for watering. Nevertheless, there is absolutely no need to water the plant in late autumn or winter. After watering, shallow loosening of the soil around the plant and removal of weed vegetation is carried out.
When buds appear fuchsia on the bushes and during flowering, the decorative culture must be fed. To this end, it is recommended to water weekly with special liquid fertilizers designed to feed flowering plants.
Propagating garden fuchsia is quite simple, but in the conditions of home gardening, such an event is most often carried out by a vegetative method or the so-called cuttings. To cut the cuttings, you need to choose a little woody shoots, which are then rooted in water or in sand. After about a couple of weeks, the root system appears on the plant and the young seedling can be transplanted to a permanent place in the open garden. Shrub and ampelous varieties can be cut every three years, a hundred can independently update the decorative garden culture.
Seed propagation is used for breeding purposes., since when growing from seeds, the plant is able to lose parental varietal characteristics. However, if seed propagation is necessary, seed is sown in March or April using peat tablets for planting. This method allows you to transplant without injuring the root system of the culture.
If the decorative culture is grown in flower pots or flower pots, which are taken out only in the summer period to decorate the home garden, then the best option for wintering the plant will be almost any fairly bright and relatively warm room with a temperature regime of 5-15 ° C. Experienced flower growers bring fuchsia in pots before the onset of significant cooling on glazed balconies or heated loggias.
In early September, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are completely excluded from feeding. Instead of top dressing, phosphate-potash fertilizers are given a couple of times a week to each irrigation event. Watering is also reduced. Even in the middle zone of our country, fuchsias most often freeze in the winterTherefore, it is recommended that in the autumn period dig up decorative garden plants from the ground and transplant into flower pots. Garden fuchsia must have time to take root well before being placed indoors for the winter.
It is important to remember that for a “dark” wintering of fuchsia, it is necessary to cut off all unripened and not lignified shoots with the preservation of the main branches and the mandatory removal of all remaining green mass. For a "light" wintering, pruning should be done more sparingly, so green shoots can be left.
Growers with long experience growing garden fuchsia recommend paying attention to the following features of the cultivation of decorative flowering plants:
Ampel and compact varieties are best grown in flower pots. Such varieties of garden fuchsia become lignified with age, therefore, when growing them, it is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the plant and replace old bushes with young plants grown by means of cuttings. The best neighboring plants for garden fuchsia, grown in containers in the street, can be balsams, ivies and begonias.