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In spring, the time comes to prepare the land for planting, and one of the most important stages of work is soil fertilization. And how to fertilize the earth in spring, if there is no manure - the question that gardeners often ask at this time.
Many summer residents begin to fertilize the land in the fall, before it snows. Often questions are raised as to what fertilizers should be applied precisely in the spring time, and at what time it is better to add them.
It is interesting that many experts believe: early spring is the best period when you can apply most of the known fertilizers. It is especially important at this time to make nitrogen fertilizers (ammonia, ammonium nitrate) and superphosphates. In doing so, the following rules must be considered:
It is often believed that it is better to feed the earth with manure in the fall, because during the fall and winter it will have time to decompose well and give all the useful substances to the ground. But there are pluses to using it in early spring.
The fact is that overripe manure (humus), decomposing in the soil, will retain heat, which is very necessary for seedlings that have just been placed on beds. Another important detail is that manure can lose its value from frost. For this reason, it is even necessary to store it in the barn and carefully wrap it.
In this case, the introduction of manure requires compliance with several important rules:
If spring has come, but there is no manure at hand, this is not a reason to refuse the sowing campaign. There are many different types of fertilizers (phosphate, nitrogen, universal, etc.), which significantly increase productivity and at the same time are affordable.
One of the interesting ways of fertilizing the soil is the use of green manure. This is the name of plants that are specially grown for subsequent grinding and placement in the ground to enrich it with nitrogen, to suppress the growth of weeds. These top dressings are also called green fertilizers.
The beneficial effects of these plants are due to the following reasons:
Siderates can be used not only in spring, but also at the end of summer or during a break in plantings for a year.
Mineral refers to inorganic fertilizing (i.e., those that do not contain organic matter). Most often, they differ in the predominance of a single chemical element (potash, nitrogen, etc.), but can also be complex (mixture of fertilizers).
Each species has its own benefit for plants:
In general, plants on unfertilized soil not only grow worse, but also have a greater risk of suffering from infectious diseases or acquire other deviations (poor formation of the ovary and fetus, falling flowers, small fruits, etc.).
Universal fertilizers have a different chemical composition and have a complex effect on plant organisms. Here are some examples of such dressings:
In addition, universal feeding is not necessary to buy in the store. They can be found among completely affordable home remedies. Here are some examples:
The most common organic fertilizers other than manure include:
Food industry waste and household waste are also often used.
Unlike minerals, organic substances are more specific, and they need to be introduced taking into account the characteristics of a particular culture.
So, for example, perennial vegetables (horseradish, Jerusalem artichoke, asparagus, rhubarb) like to bring in organic matter immediately before planting.
At the same time, annual carrots, radishes, tomatoes, beets and others require very small amounts of these top dressings. Sometimes it is even better to fertilize them with inorganic.
It is especially important to apply organic fertilizers before planting fruit trees. If the fruits are pome fruits, then fertilizers need to be added more, if the fruits with a seed - less. In this case, you need to regularly feed the trees and during the growth.
With the advent of spring, one should not forget about fertilizing indoor plants. Potted soil should be fertilized more often than in the garden, since it is devoid of natural conditions and does not actually participate in the cycle of elements, which provides a balance of the content of various useful components.
In spring, pets are especially in need of top dressing. as the increase in daylight stimulates their growth. Mostly nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers are used; also as organic matter can be used feces of domestic animals mixed with straw or sawdust. In this case, you need to adhere to some rules:
The main condition for using any fertilizer is the exact following of the instructions. Excessive fertilizing is sometimes even more dangerous than their absence. Try to follow the rules and take good care of your green friends!