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Among the garden shrubs, spirea occupies a special place. It got its name because of the property of leaves to bend beautifully (Greek. "Spleira -" bend "). The plant gained distribution among gardeners because it not only has beautiful small leaves combined into large inflorescences, but also for its unpretentiousness. This the bush creates a beautiful hedge in the garden, and at the same time does not require too much care.
The plant has a very diverse form of bushes (elongated, spreading, weeping, symmetrical in the form of a ball, etc.), leaves, and flowers. Some varieties may be completely different from each other. However, the type of inflorescence and the approximate height of the bush (about 2 meters) unites them together.
This shrub grows in different places of the temperate climatic zone of Eurasia. In the wild, it can be found not only in Europe, but also in Siberia, China. Prefers the coast of bodies of water with stagnant water (lakes and small swamps). Loose spirea grows more than 2 meters high, and its flowers of soft lilac color rush up in the form of ears of corn. The leaves are narrow, elongated, with sharp endings.
Its distinctive feature is frost resistance, that allows you to grow bushes even in adverse regions of the Urals and Siberia with sharp temperature drops. Reproduction is carried out using cuttings, but also can be grown from seeds.
This variety has a distinctive feature compared to the rest - argument blooms in early spring. The bush grows very spreading, in the form of a sphere. In this case, the crown is very dense, branched, which gives the impression of a small tree. The flowers of this variety are pale white, they densely cover the shoots that go from top to bottom along the arc. The blooming argument is similar to a tree covered with snow, which in spring has a particularly original appearance. The leaves of the plant are small, and abundantly growing flowers completely obscure them with their inflorescences. The flowering period lasts no longer than 3 weeks and, as a rule, is already ending by the beginning of summer.
This shrub prefers habitats in Asia. (China, Japan). It is especially common in the wild on the slopes of mountains and in valleys. The plant is not very tall - usually reaches no more than one and a half meters. The leaves are denser and very narrow (no more than a centimeter wide). Such an elegant form of greenery well emphasizes the flowers of spirea, which are collected in her umbrellas. It blooms approximately in the middle of summer. The plant is propagated using cuttings, sometimes also grown from seeds.
Tunberg's spirea is resistant to droughts, which allows it to be grown in places with insufficient moisture (steppe spaces of Siberia and the Urals).
Reaches a height of 2 meters, like many other varieties. This spirea is distinguished by a lush crown resembling a hemisphere in shape. It blooms in early spring (up to 1 month). A characteristic feature of the bush is the leaves of a beautiful symmetrical shape, reminiscent of oak in shape (where did its name come from). They contrast well with the white flowers of the shrub collected in umbrellas.
The plant survives well in the adverse climatic zone of the Urals, as it has increased frost resistance. In the wild, she prefers the steppes of Siberia (Western and Eastern) and Kazakhstan. It also grows on depleted stony soils. It is these features that explain the unpretentiousness of the plant to environmental conditions.
A characteristic feature of this variety are lush flowers, which dot the shoots that go along all the tops of the bush. The flowers are delicate white, therefore, during the period of maximum flowering, the plant looks like a waterfall of spray going from top to bottom. It contrasts well with lawns and other garden greenery.
Not so long ago, several hybrids of Wangutta spirea were bred; in some of them, along with white ones, light pink flowers are found.
This plant is also unpretentious to growing conditions: it may well bloom on baked soils, is restored even after the harshest winters and tolerates partial shade well. However, the best option for her are places with open sunlight.
Among spring-flowering spires, nippon varieties occupy a special place. These are small shrubs, while their crown has a beautiful shape of a regular sphere and during flowering the cavity is covered with fairly large white flowers with yellow stamens. It blooms briefly (2-3 weeks at the beginning of summer), the inflorescences are pineal and contain a lot of flowers.
Nippon varieties have a special place in garden design, because they look beautiful against the background of other green plants, as well as when planting along the border of the site to emphasize its natural borders. Spirea leaves are round and narrow, but when the plant is covered with flowers, then they are practically invisible.
A characteristic feature of Nippon varieties is their exceptional love of light. If you grow them in partial shade, then the flowers will not grow large and as a result they will quickly fall off.
Among the nippon varieties, the following are quite widespread:
This shrub got its name from the predominant place of growth in the wild. Varieties of Japanese spirea are appreciated by many summer residents for the fact that it blooms for a long time (from late spring to July). However, the plant is very unpretentious. Basically, it loves open sunlight.
In height, these varieties are extremely diverse - from small shrubs no more than half a meter to a typical size of 1.5-2 meters. Accordingly, this explains the decorative potential of the plant - undersized shrubs go on border plantings, flower beds, rockeries, while large ones can create the main background. By color, it also has many options - from light pink to lilac, violet, purple.
Summer residents prefer the following varieties:
This species is distinguished by inflorescences in the form of small voluminous panicles, which densely cover the shoots. Such a bush will well decorate the site if it is planted along the perimeter of the flower garden or along the road. Panicles look voluminous and against the background of greenery create the effect of additional space.
This variety is undersized. Nevertheless, it is widely used by gardeners, because during the flowering period it is densely covered with small white flowers and looks like a small tree covered with snow. They are successfully placed during planting along country paths, since they have a round, pleasant shape.
Important! Gray spirea, like other low-growing varieties that grow in width, is best planted at a minimum distance of 25 cm from each other. When the bushes grow, they will grow closely and create a beautiful green row.
This hybrid variety was obtained by breeders on the basis of crossing spirea loosestrife and Douglas spirae. The variety is different in that it grows well both in height and in width. Its flowers have bright pink shades, collected in pyramidal inflorescences.
This variety easily takes root even in the conditions of the Ural frosts. In the spring, during the period of rapid growth, it is better to cut the shoots, as a result of which, by the summer, the bush will grow even stronger due to younger branches. In this case, pruning should be done in plants only older than 4 years, since at an earlier age this can significantly slow down their growth.
The optimal planting period is early spring (until the buds begin to bloom in the trees) or autumn immediately after heavy leaf fall. So that the plant can take root well, You need to follow a few simple rules:
Important! Make sure that the cut is even and without rags - if it is even, the root will begin to sprout into the ground much faster.
As already mentioned, spiraea is a very unpretentious plant, and it will not be difficult to take care of it. Bushes adapt well even to adverse climatic conditions of the Urals. They love the sunshineTherefore, it is best to plant them in open areas. However, some varieties, on the contrary, need partial shade, so it is better to plant them in the shade of garden trees.
General recommendations for the care of spirea can be reduced to such rules:
Feeding is best done right after the old shoots have been cut. New branches growing in their place will receive additional nutrition, and by the middle of summer the bush will become sprawling and tall.
Bushes of almost all varieties of spirae greatly expand in width. If you do not follow them, the plant will take a sloppy appearance. Therefore, it is important to know how to trim the plant. The following rules will help here:
Important! When removing old shoots, do not cut them completely - in the spring, when the buds already appear, you can navigate to their location. If the shoot gave sprouts only from below, then the upper part should not be completely removed, but with a maximum of 30-40 centimeters - perhaps it will have time to recover in the warm season.
The main pests of spirea include:
They spoil the greens, bite into the stems and suck out water and nutrients, as a result of which the bush weakens and grows too slowly.
To fight them, you need to use various solutions for spraying plants, eg:
Funds are diluted with water according to the instructions to obtain a solution of a certain concentration.
Spirea is one of the few shrubs that propagates not only by cuttings and cuttings, but also by seeds. The exception is only hybrid varieties that can be propagated only by dividing the bush (they do not form seeds). Reproduction recommendations depend on the method:
The harsh climatic conditions of the Urals with frosty winter and sultry summers make summer residents choose only the most winter-hardy plant varieties:
Planting a bush in the ground has no fundamental differences in the Ural strip and other areas. The main condition - the soil must have time to warm up welltherefore, early spring planting seedlings is risky.
When planting in autumn, all work must be completed before October, since at this time the first frosts are observed. It is better to choose a well-lit place, even if the variety likes partial shade. So he will receive additional sunlight in conditions of the Ural latitudes and will begin to grow faster.
It must be remembered that spirea mainly loves soft soils, so you need to plant it in a well-dug up soil and always add sand and peat. Recommendations for the care and propagation of spirea in the Urals are similar to the general rules described above.
The plant has many varieties, very different from each other not only in flowers, but also in height. This helps to use spirea in almost all parts of the garden. Decor ideas might be:
And this list is far from complete - it all depends on the gardener's imagination. Spirea is a wonderful shrub that takes root well and grows for a long time (15-20 years). It is not demanding in care and well decorates the garden. That is why spirea is the choice of many summer residents of the Urals and other regions of Russia.