What does a fungus mushroom look like and how to distinguish it from a poisonous double

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Volnushka (Lactarius) is very common in our forests. This mushroom from the department of Basidiomycetes and the class of Agaricomycetes belongs to the family Syryozhkovye and is represented in our country by two species. Knowing what the fungus mushroom looks like in the picture, and having studied its botanical description, you can safely go on a quiet hunt in the forest.

Botanical Description of Species

Volnushki are relatively well-known experimental mushroom pickers conditionally edible mushrooms from the genus Mlechnik or Lactarius and the family Russula or Russulaceae. The description, as well as the botanical characteristics of Lactarius can have quite significant differences depending on the type and place of growth of the fungus.

OptionsWhite topPink pink
Latin nameLactarius pubescensLactarius torminosus
Household nameBeliankaVolnanka
EdibilityIt is conditionally edibleIt is conditionally edible
Description of the mushroom capWith a diameter of not more than 8 cm. In young specimens, it is convex in shape, with age it becomes prostrate or funnel-shaped, with curled edges. It has a pronounced extrusion in the central part of the capWith a diameter of 4.5–11.5 cm. It is convex in young specimens, and in older specimens it is flat in shape, with a depression in the center and curved down, slightly pubescent uneven edges
Surface characteristicWhite. In the central part there is darker staining, without the presence of zones. Surface with thick pubescence or slight mucusCovered with a thick and rough layer of villi arranged in uneven circles. The surface with a weak mucous membrane, pale pink or grayish pink, darkening
Fruit Body RecordsGrown or descending type, often located, narrow, whiteWhitish, frequent, narrow, descending and interspersed with intermediate plates
Pulp FeaturesDense, white, brittle, with a slight aromaWhite, strong, with high density and pungent taste
Mushroom legCylindrical, narrowing at the baseCylindrical, very strong and solid
Similarity to poisonous mushroomsMissingMissing
Mushroom smellSmell of geraniumOdorless
Features of spore powderCreamy yellow stainWhite or creamy white
Features of growth and distributionPolesie and forest-steppe, temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, AlaskaPolesie and forest-steppe, temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, Alaska
Fruiting peakMass formation of mushrooms falls on the period from August to OctoberMass formation of mushrooms falls on the period from August to October

Photo gallery

Growth characteristics of pink and white traps

Characteristic feature white waves is the formation of mycorrhiza with birch trees. The fungus prefers soil at the edge of a birch grove, rarely grows in coniferous-birch young trees. In the soil and climatic conditions of our country, it is often found in large groups. Fruiting is most often undulating.

Lactarius torminosus - pink variety of trap - most often grows in birch groves or mixed forest plantations with birch trees. As a rule, the species grows in small groups and is prone to the formation of mycorrhiza with old birch trees. This wave trap is common in the northern part of forest zones with a temperate climate and sufficient moisture indicators.

Volnushki: description and collection

What Inedible Doubles Look Like - False Waves

The white trefoil does not have inedible doubles and, unlike the other most common white milky milks in our forests, has a pubescent hat. The pink thrush has an external resemblance to a real, or spruce, camelina. This mushroom is not poisonous, it belongs to the category of edible and differs from the trap in the complete absence of hairiness on the surface of the fruiting body, and also does not secrete white milky juice when cut. Among other things, real mushrooms are able to form mycorrhiza only with spruce plantations.

Cooking rules

Volnushki belong to the second category of mushrooms and per 100 g with a total calorie content of 22.0 kcal of production falls:

  • proteins - 3.09 g;
  • fats - 0.34 g;
  • carbohydrates - 3.26 g;
  • water - 92.5 g;
  • fiber - 1.0 g.

The correct preparation of waves is not known to everyone. There are rules and recommendations that will allow you to cook the most useful and delicious dishes of these mushrooms with minimal time and effort:

  • the white wave has a rather pronounced aroma and a burning taste, which should be taken into account when preparing dishes;
  • Before soaking, in order to get rid of bitterness and a characteristic aroma, mushrooms should be cleaned of forest debris and large particles of soil;
  • the preparation of any conditionally edible mushrooms, which include the pink and white waves, involves preliminary boiling in a fairly large amount of water;
  • waves, like mushrooms, are not suitable for making soups, due to the rather pronounced bitterness of milky juice;

  • the first mushroom broth should not be used for subsequent cooking;
  • it is not advisable to use copper or cast-iron cookware for the preparation of the trap;
  • dishes prepared from the threshing plate, with the exception of preservation, cannot be stored in the refrigerator for more than 24-36 hours;
  • it is best to use traps for baking, as well as pickling hot and cold or pickling for the winter.

How to Pickle Thistles

It should be noted that dishes prepared from threesomes should not be consumed by people suffering from cholecystitis, pancreatitis, acute diseases of the intestine or stomach, as well as pregnant, lactating women and children of preschool age.


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