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Volnushka (Lactarius) is very common in our forests. This mushroom from the department of Basidiomycetes and the class of Agaricomycetes belongs to the family Syryozhkovye and is represented in our country by two species. Knowing what the fungus mushroom looks like in the picture, and having studied its botanical description, you can safely go on a quiet hunt in the forest.
Volnushki are relatively well-known experimental mushroom pickers conditionally edible mushrooms from the genus Mlechnik or Lactarius and the family Russula or Russulaceae. The description, as well as the botanical characteristics of Lactarius can have quite significant differences depending on the type and place of growth of the fungus.
|Options||White top||Pink pink|
|Latin name||Lactarius pubescens||Lactarius torminosus|
|Edibility||It is conditionally edible||It is conditionally edible|
|Description of the mushroom cap||With a diameter of not more than 8 cm. In young specimens, it is convex in shape, with age it becomes prostrate or funnel-shaped, with curled edges. It has a pronounced extrusion in the central part of the cap||With a diameter of 4.5–11.5 cm. It is convex in young specimens, and in older specimens it is flat in shape, with a depression in the center and curved down, slightly pubescent uneven edges|
|Surface characteristic||White. In the central part there is darker staining, without the presence of zones. Surface with thick pubescence or slight mucus||Covered with a thick and rough layer of villi arranged in uneven circles. The surface with a weak mucous membrane, pale pink or grayish pink, darkening|
|Fruit Body Records||Grown or descending type, often located, narrow, white||Whitish, frequent, narrow, descending and interspersed with intermediate plates|
|Pulp Features||Dense, white, brittle, with a slight aroma||White, strong, with high density and pungent taste|
|Mushroom leg||Cylindrical, narrowing at the base||Cylindrical, very strong and solid|
|Similarity to poisonous mushrooms||Missing||Missing|
|Mushroom smell||Smell of geranium||Odorless|
|Features of spore powder||Creamy yellow stain||White or creamy white|
|Features of growth and distribution||Polesie and forest-steppe, temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, Alaska||Polesie and forest-steppe, temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, Alaska|
|Fruiting peak||Mass formation of mushrooms falls on the period from August to October||Mass formation of mushrooms falls on the period from August to October|
Characteristic feature white waves is the formation of mycorrhiza with birch trees. The fungus prefers soil at the edge of a birch grove, rarely grows in coniferous-birch young trees. In the soil and climatic conditions of our country, it is often found in large groups. Fruiting is most often undulating.
Lactarius torminosus - pink variety of trap - most often grows in birch groves or mixed forest plantations with birch trees. As a rule, the species grows in small groups and is prone to the formation of mycorrhiza with old birch trees. This wave trap is common in the northern part of forest zones with a temperate climate and sufficient moisture indicators.
The white trefoil does not have inedible doubles and, unlike the other most common white milky milks in our forests, has a pubescent hat. The pink thrush has an external resemblance to a real, or spruce, camelina. This mushroom is not poisonous, it belongs to the category of edible and differs from the trap in the complete absence of hairiness on the surface of the fruiting body, and also does not secrete white milky juice when cut. Among other things, real mushrooms are able to form mycorrhiza only with spruce plantations.
Volnushki belong to the second category of mushrooms and per 100 g with a total calorie content of 22.0 kcal of production falls:
The correct preparation of waves is not known to everyone. There are rules and recommendations that will allow you to cook the most useful and delicious dishes of these mushrooms with minimal time and effort:
It should be noted that dishes prepared from threesomes should not be consumed by people suffering from cholecystitis, pancreatitis, acute diseases of the intestine or stomach, as well as pregnant, lactating women and children of preschool age.