We are searching data for your request:
Pear (Pýrus) is one of the most popular fruit plants in our country from the Rosaceae family. It is quite difficult for beginner gardeners to make spring pruning of a pear, but following the basic rules of this event can significantly speed up the process and ultimately get the most productive and easy-to-care plant.
Tree pruning is one of the most important measures that can increase crop yields and increase the fruiting period, as well as contribute to the return of growth. Pear pruning is carried out from the first years of the fruit tree. You must be able to distinguish between types of trimming, as well as know the technology and the timing of each of them:
It should be remembered that the whole pruning tool should be clean and sharpened, and the event itself is carried out in accordance with the scheme established by the technology for growing fruit crops. Almost any pruning is recommended in the spring, since the procedure carried out in the autumn period can reduce the winter hardiness of the pear.
Pruning a young pear should be carried out directly from the year of planting. The spring formation of the crown is required before the sap flow begins or before the leaves bloom on the plant. Technological features of the procedure are as follows:
No further crown shaping activities should be undertaken until the next spring.
As the fruit tree grows, the growth rate of shoots noticeably slows, but also on three-year-old wood, it is also necessary to carry out competent measures to form a well-lit and productive crown:
Any pruning must necessarily end with the processing of sections of the cuts with garden varieties with the addition of copper sulphate or with the special Rannet tool.
The formation of the crown of a fruit tree takes about five years, and by this age gardeners are able to obtain a plant ready for entry into the productive period, subject to pruning technology. but annually it is required to conduct an audit of plantings of garden plantings for damage by diseases or pests, and also carry out sanitary pruning, which involves the removal of all diseased or damaged branches. If necessary, it is possible to lower the height of the fruit tree by transferring the central conductor to a sloping two-year or three-year-old branch.
It is important to remember that an adult pear tree tolerates pruning quite easily if the air temperature is not lower than 8 ° C. Otherwise, there is a chance of freezing of wood.
It should be noted that in the summer, the pear needs to be cut only if there is a strong thickening of the crown, which can interfere with the ripening of the fruit. But the work of tweezing, or pinching, shoots growing in the apical part is carried out on adult plants in the very first summer month.
A special pruning method is used if necessary to rejuvenate fruit stands. Such an event is very relevant for trees older than 15 years. To effectively restore the fruit-forming ability of an old pear, it is recommended to adhere to the following pruning technology:
It is important to note, that annual growths in pear trees, unlike apple trees, are not recommended to be subjected to very strong pruning. Shortening by a quarter of the original length is considered optimal. After the main anti-aging pruning, the crown is thinned out and shoots are removed that are directed deep into the crown or cross each other.
Proper care of pear plantations in the spring begins with procedures aimed at forming a crown. A pruned fruit tree needs the following care measures:
Further care for fruit trees is standard and includes regular watering, top dressing, as well as maintaining cleanliness in near-stem circles.