Fire flower Buzulnik: types and rules of growing on the site

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Buzulnik (Ligularia) is a perennial herbaceous plant, actively used to decorate the garden, as well as the territory near water bodies. Belongs to the Astrov family, found in nature in Southeast and East Asia.

General description of the plant

Buzulnik is a perennial with long cord-like roots. The width of the leaves is 0.6 m, the length is 0.5 m. The diameter of the bush is 1 meter, the color and shape of the leaves depend on the variety. The inflorescences of the plant are racemose and thyroid, the seeds are in the achene.

Flowering bush in the summer for 2 months. In total, there are about 180 plant varieties; in the Russian Federation, only 1 species is found in nature from them. In landscape design, 2 types are actively used.

Features of planting and care

Buzulnik sowing is carried out in the spring. Planting of seeds occurs directly into the soil to a depth of 1 cm. The soil must be moist before planting. Shoots should be shaded from noon to evening. If you sow the seeds in November, they will undergo a natural stratification, which is also not bad.

When growing buzulnik seedling method, the seeds are sown in January. Propagate the flower and get self-sowing. However, in this case, bloom should be expected from him only for 4 years.

Buzulnik planting care begins in mid-spring.

  • To begin with, it is necessary to loosen the soil well, then water and mulch it. In summer, you will have to maintain soil moisture by watering every 3 days.
  • If the soil is poor, it is recommended to add organic top dressing to it. Also, for buzulnik in the open ground, mineral substances are also introduced - 1 time in 14 days during flowering.
  • If you do not intend to collect the seeds as soon as the flowers wither, they are recommended to be cut. In winter, ridges with a plant mulch humus; the flower does not require shelter.
  • The plant is poorly affected by pests. His only enemy is slugs. From them it is recommended to use special traps in the garden.

Buzulnik: planting and care

Varieties and types of buzulnik

There are different types and varieties of Buzulnik. Consider the most popular of them.

Variety Namegeneral descriptionCare FeaturesScope of application
Altai (Altaica)Low bush with short rhizomes, bluish leaves, yellow flowersIt does not require special careAs part of flower beds and flower beds
Alpine (Alpigena)Dwarf bush, bluish leaves, yellow flowersRequires periodic wateringIn a single landing
Shiny (Splendens)Bush up to 1.5 m long, serrated leaves on the edges, yellow flowersPrefers shadow or partial shade.Like the background in mixborders
WilsonianaBush up to 1.5 m high, wavy leaves, yellow flowersRequires heavy wateringIn group plantings along with large perennials
Vorobiev (Vorobievii)Bush height - up to 2 m, leaves are dark green, flowers are yellowLoves moisture, requires wateringIn group and single landings
Naryn (Narynensis)Low bush, leaves are rounded, yellow flowersRequires feeding several times during the seasonIn parks and gardens, in traditional medicine
Przewalsky (Przewalskii)Plant height - up to 1.5 m, dull leaves, yellow flowers; one of the most common typesUnpretentious plant, care is simpleIn decorative gardening
Scalloped (Dentata)Bush height - up to 1.8 m, leaves are light green, flowers are yellow or brownish, common appearanceRequires heavy wateringAs a solitaire, and as part of groups
Kempfer (Kaempferi)Bush height - up to 0.5 m, green leaves, yellow flowersPrefers clay soils, careful maintenance is not requiredIn compositions with rudbeckia and daylilies
Chinese (Chinensiana)Plant height - up to 0.5 m, leaves are cut almost to the middle, greenLoves moisture, especially during dry periods.In flower beds
Large Leaf (Macrophylla)Bush height - 1.5 m, elliptical leaves, bluish, yellow flowersUnpretentious plant, does not require careful maintenanceIn a single landing and on the lawn
Narrow-headed (Stenocephala).The height of the bush is 1.5 m, the edges of the leaves are serrated, the inflorescences are racemose.Requires feeding several times per seasonCan be planted in mixborders as an accent
Fisher (Fischeri)Bush up to 1.5 m tall, short roots, yellow flowersUnpretentious look, almost maintenance-freeLooks organically on the shore of the pond
Hodgeson (Hodgesonii)Dwarf bush, height - 0.45 m, leaves are rounded, yellow flowersUnpretentious, winter-hardy appearance, grows well in the shade, does not require careful maintenance

Under the trees, near ponds

Japanese (Japonica)Bush up to 1.5 m high, orange flowers, palmate-lobed leavesUnpretentious grade. But it can not be planted in direct sunlightIn the background of the flower garden
HybridBush up to 1.5 m tall, green or red leaves, yellow-brown flowersRequires as much moisture as possibleAs a tapeworm
ZepterBush up to 1.5 m high, leaves carved at the edges, yellow flowersGarter neededLooks great among greenery
HesseiHeart-shaped leaves, flowers gather in a corymbose inflorescenceRequires top dressing as humusIn landings with Volzhanka and Brunners
Palmate (Palmatiloba)Hybrid, height up to 1.8 cm, leaves are rounded, yellow flowersUndemanding lookTogether with primrose and tulips
Othello (Otello)Bush height - 0.9 m, purple leaves, orange flowersRequires 1-2 fertilizing with organic matterFor decorating ponds and hedges
DesdemonaIt has a lilac shade; orange flowers, stem height - 1 meterIn poor soils, mineral top dressing is requiredOn a lawn or flowerbed
Osiris FantasyDwarf bush - up to 0.5 m, burgundy leaves on top, dark green belowPeriodic watering requiredAs a background flower bed
Britt Marie Crawford (Ligularia dentate Britt-Marie Crawford)Elegant bush with bicolor leaves, yellow or orange flowersIn spring and summer it requires abundant watering, demanding for light

Near reservoirs of various planes

Rocket (Stenocephala Rocket)Powerful high grade, large leaves, yellow flowersAlmost no requirements for care. Shelter is needed for the winterSingle landing

How is the reproduction of buzulnik

Ligularia propagates by seed or division of the bush. In this case, the best option is to divide the bush.

  • During the growing season, separate part of the bush and plant it. The best time for transplanting is spring, during this period the bush is actively developing.
  • After leaves appear from the soil, transplant the plant.
  • To divide the whole bush is not worth digging, you can just slightly dig it up and separate the required part.
  • Then sprinkle the soil into the pit of the mother plant, and rinse the separated root in water, cutting it into pieces with a knife. Each part should have a kidney.

  • Treat sliced ​​sections with potassium permanganate or charcoal.
  • Plant the prepared material in pre-made holes. At the same time, before planting, it is worth introducing superphosphate, ash and humus into the soil.
  • During planting, make sure that the kidneys are located close to the ground, about 3 cm from it.
  • If several bushes are planted at once, between them it is worth leaving a distance of 1 m, so the plants will not be crowded.

Buzulnik should be planted in the fall. This is due to the fact that during this period:

  • the leaves of seedlings are not yet so developed, so they will not evaporate a huge amount of moisture;
  • the bush rejuvenates much faster, which means that the flowering will be magnificent;
  • Plant survival is significant, and flowering can be expected as early as the year of planting.

Landscape design

In landscape design, ligularia is used in groups and as a tapeworm. It goes well with plants such as:

  • soft cuff;
  • hosts and daylilies;
  • serpent highlander.

If the bush of a buzulnik is high, it is recommended to use it in single plantings. So you emphasize the amazing beauty of the plant. Whole walls can be made from low and medium-sized bushes. They also look good near trees.

Buzulnik in landscape design

Everyone can grow a buzulnik on his site. But for good growth, you need to choose the right variety, depending on the climate in the region, competently plant and not forget about watering. Then you will get a spectacular plant that will delight you with its appearance all summer.


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