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A fairly common mushroom, mustard or bile fungus (Tylopilus felleus) is inedible, which is due to the bitter taste of mushroom pulp. This tubular fungus from the genus Tilopil or Tylopilus grows in coniferous and deciduous forest zones.
The bile fungus, which is also called the false white mushroom, is found almost everywhere in the forests of the middle zone of our country, therefore you need to know its description:
In different regions of our country, mushroom pickers call Tylopilus felleus in different ways, but the most common names are false boletus, bile mushroom, mustard, false white or bitter. The mushroom grows singly, but small groups are also found. Due to its botanical features, mustard prefers acidic soils in deciduous or coniferous forests, and can also grow on decayed wood. It is most often found in mixed forests, from the middle of summer until the onset of significant autumn cooling.
Quite often, the mustard gets into the basket with edible mushrooms due to the external attractiveness and lack of worminess of the legs and hats. Bile mushroom has very significant differences from edible varietiesKnowing that you can be completely sure that an inedible variety will not get into the basket:
In addition, you should pay attention to the staining of the spore powder, which in the bile fungus has a very characteristic pink color.
Of course, it is simply impossible to get severe poisoning with mustard, due to its unsatisfactory taste, due to which no one dares to prepare a full-fledged dish from this mushroom. Even when mixed with other types of mushrooms, mustard has a very characteristic, unpleasant, bitter taste, which makes it almost impossible to eat.
However, it should be known that poisoning can provoke resinous components contained in the pulp of Tylopilus felleus, which cause severe irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Even a small amount of this substance causes a burning sensation in the oral cavity.
The priority measures to be taken in case of poisoning with mustard include:
If first aid is provided correctly and in a timely manner, then such symptoms of poisoning as diarrhea, dizziness, stomach pain are not observed. Also interesting is the fact that resinous substances make it possible to make some preparations from Tylopilus felleus and use bile mushroom, mustard in folk medicine as a very effective choleretic agent.