Technology for planting tulips in the winter:



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Tulips, like other types of bulb flowers, are quite unpretentious and do not require special care. It seems to many beginning florists that there is no need to look after these flowers at all - just put them on a flower bed and that's it. However, this is not quite true. When growing these onion flowers, you must adhere to some rules. Especially when it comes to planting tulips in the winter.

Dates of tulip planting in late autumn

Tulips have one specific feature: for better flowering in spring, they should winter in open ground. Therefore, these bulbous flowers are planted and transplanted only in the autumn period.

However, you should choose the right time in the fall for their planting. Tulip bulbs must be well rooted in the soil. If their root system develops well, before the onset of frost, it will take from the soil the necessary amount of minerals and other substances necessary in order to begin active growth in spring and bloom lushly.

How long does it take to plant tulip bulbs in the winter? This time must be accurately calculated. Keep in mind:

  • if planted too early, then the plant will not only take root well, but will also grow. Such flowers will be less resistant to frost, and in the next season may simply not bloom;
  • if these flowers are planted too late, their roots will be too small and weak. As a result, bulbs can freeze in winter if they are not covered, and in the spring, such tulips begin to develop later.

The root system of bulbous flowers grows within 30 - 45 days, and the ambient temperature during this period should not fall below +3 degrees Celsius, but should not exceed 7-8 degrees.

In the Moscow region, this temperature usually lasts from the third decade of September to the second decade of October. It is during this period that it is best to plant tulips.

Tulips: landing in October

Preparation of beds for planting flowers

  1. First you need to choose the right place for the flower garden. Tulips should be planted on a site protected from strong winds and drafts, where there is a lot of sun. Typically, such a site rises slightly above the ground level, and the groundwater level should not come close to the surface of the soil.
  2. The site is exempted from weed grass and from the remnants of previous crops, digged on two bayonets shovels. After digging, the earth should be tamped so that the root system of tulip bulbs during growth has something to rely on.
  3. In order to comply with crop rotation, the predecessors for tulips must be grass. But after any bulbous crops, these flowers can not be planted in order to avoid infection with common diseases.
  4. Fertile and neutral soil is the best place to grow tulips. Strongly acid soil is neutralized by introducing chalk, lime or dolomite flour into it. Clay heavy soils are “loosened” with river sand and humus. It is also good to improve such soils by growing and smelling various siderates (oats, clover, mustard) in them.
  5. Sandy soil is also not very suitable for tulips, so before planting, up to 10 kg per 1 square. m organic - humus, rotted compost or turf. Also, to improve the composition of any soil, wood ash (1 glass per square meter) must be added to it.

All these agrotechnical measures are aimed at the formation of powerful roots in tulip bulbs, the bulbs receive a sufficient amount of nutrients, and the result will be the formation of large flowers. And onions grow a large number of children.

Fresh mullein or bird droppings should not be introduced into the soil before planting - such organic matter contributes to the development of fungal diseases on bulbous plants. All of the above agricultural activities end a week before the planting of tulips.

Technology of late landing

At what depth is it best to plant tulip bulbs in the winter? There is a special rule for this type of plant: the deepening of the bulbs is carried out at a distance equal to 6 radii of the bulb. For small tulip bulbs, the depth should be about 8 cm, for large - up to 15 cm.

You should adhere to the indicated depths of planting material, with an increase in the depth of planting, tulips will form too few children. On alumina soils, the depth of incorporation is reduced by a couple of centimeters, and on sandy soils it is increased by the same distance.

Before planting, planting material must be examined - if there are signs of disease, stains, or traces of rot, then such bulbs cannot be planted. Healthy onions are strong to the touch, not lethargic, and the skin without spots. For disinfection, selected bulbs should be held for one hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

The procedure for planting tulip bulbs:

  • pour 2–3 cm expanded clay on the bottom of the planting holes for better drainage. The distance between such holes should be about 10 cm, between rows - up to 25 cm. When planting tulips, you need to ensure that there is no air around the bulbs;
  • after the planting material is placed in the holes, it is covered with a nutrient mixture, the basis of which is humus and horse peat;
  • then watering;
  • from above, such holes should be mulched with a layer of humus up to 15 cm thick. Such a "blanket" will help to maintain moisture in the soil for a longer period, and also protect the bulbs from freezing during severe frosts;
  • on top of the mulch layer, you can cover the planted plants with straw, last year's foliage, sawdust and any other material.

The rooting of these plants begins within a couple of weeks after planting. Moreover, if the weather is warm and there is enough moisture in the soil, then this process will occur faster.

How to choose tulip varieties

Currently, there are a huge number of varieties of tulips - about 3,000 names. How to choose the most optimal varieties for your site? You need to know that all this huge number of varieties is divided into three groups:

  • blooming early, when flowering begins in the first decade of April;
  • tulips blooming in the middle. Such plants bloom in early May. Their flowering is short but beautiful;
  • blooming late - in the third decade of May. Such tulips are resistant to heat, but if in May there are temperature differences, then these flowers can die. Therefore, for the northern regions, such onion flowers are not suitable for planting in open ground. Such flowers differ in considerable height, which should be taken into account when planting them on a flowerbed - so that they do not block other flowers.
Grade nameMain characteristicsDisease resistanceFrost resistance
Early grades:   
SchrenkaBulbs are small (up to 2 cm in diameter), height - up to 40 cm, flower height - up to 7 cm.Medium disease resistanceResistance to cold is quite high.
CandyFlower height - up to 50 cm, bud height - up to 12 cm, bulb volume - up to 12 cm, colors - lilacDisease Resistance - MediumAverage
Ice creamDense flowers up to 10 cm in height, tulip height - up to 43 cm, color - bicolor pink with greenHigh resistance to diseases and pestsHigh frost resistance
Medium flowering:   
Alexander PushkinPlant height - about 50 cm, color - purple, bud size - about 14 cm, used for cuttingMedium resistant to diseases and pestsResistance to frost - medium
Late flowering   
BalladPlant height - about 45 cm, color - lilac with a white border, flower height - 10 - 12 cmMedium disease resistanceIn the northern regions should be sheltered for the winter

If flower growers comply with all the basic rules for planting tulips in late autumn, then at the beginning of next season beautiful flowers will appear on their flower beds that will delight the eye in spring.

How to dig and store tulips



Comments:

  1. Trevan

    In it something is. Thanks for the help in this question. All ingenious is simple.

  2. Darrock

    Let's talk about this topic.

  3. Koushik

    I accept it with pleasure. An interesting topic, I will take part. I know that together we can come to the right answer.



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