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Tulips, like other types of bulb flowers, are quite unpretentious and do not require special care. It seems to many beginning florists that there is no need to look after these flowers at all - just put them on a flower bed and that's it. However, this is not quite true. When growing these onion flowers, you must adhere to some rules. Especially when it comes to planting tulips in the winter.
Tulips have one specific feature: for better flowering in spring, they should winter in open ground. Therefore, these bulbous flowers are planted and transplanted only in the autumn period.
However, you should choose the right time in the fall for their planting. Tulip bulbs must be well rooted in the soil. If their root system develops well, before the onset of frost, it will take from the soil the necessary amount of minerals and other substances necessary in order to begin active growth in spring and bloom lushly.
How long does it take to plant tulip bulbs in the winter? This time must be accurately calculated. Keep in mind:
The root system of bulbous flowers grows within 30 - 45 days, and the ambient temperature during this period should not fall below +3 degrees Celsius, but should not exceed 7-8 degrees.
In the Moscow region, this temperature usually lasts from the third decade of September to the second decade of October. It is during this period that it is best to plant tulips.
All these agrotechnical measures are aimed at the formation of powerful roots in tulip bulbs, the bulbs receive a sufficient amount of nutrients, and the result will be the formation of large flowers. And onions grow a large number of children.
Fresh mullein or bird droppings should not be introduced into the soil before planting - such organic matter contributes to the development of fungal diseases on bulbous plants. All of the above agricultural activities end a week before the planting of tulips.
At what depth is it best to plant tulip bulbs in the winter? There is a special rule for this type of plant: the deepening of the bulbs is carried out at a distance equal to 6 radii of the bulb. For small tulip bulbs, the depth should be about 8 cm, for large - up to 15 cm.
You should adhere to the indicated depths of planting material, with an increase in the depth of planting, tulips will form too few children. On alumina soils, the depth of incorporation is reduced by a couple of centimeters, and on sandy soils it is increased by the same distance.
Before planting, planting material must be examined - if there are signs of disease, stains, or traces of rot, then such bulbs cannot be planted. Healthy onions are strong to the touch, not lethargic, and the skin without spots. For disinfection, selected bulbs should be held for one hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
The procedure for planting tulip bulbs:
The rooting of these plants begins within a couple of weeks after planting. Moreover, if the weather is warm and there is enough moisture in the soil, then this process will occur faster.
Currently, there are a huge number of varieties of tulips - about 3,000 names. How to choose the most optimal varieties for your site? You need to know that all this huge number of varieties is divided into three groups:
|Grade name||Main characteristics||Disease resistance||Frost resistance|
|Schrenka||Bulbs are small (up to 2 cm in diameter), height - up to 40 cm, flower height - up to 7 cm.||Medium disease resistance||Resistance to cold is quite high.|
|Candy||Flower height - up to 50 cm, bud height - up to 12 cm, bulb volume - up to 12 cm, colors - lilac||Disease Resistance - Medium||Average|
|Ice cream||Dense flowers up to 10 cm in height, tulip height - up to 43 cm, color - bicolor pink with green||High resistance to diseases and pests||High frost resistance|
|Alexander Pushkin||Plant height - about 50 cm, color - purple, bud size - about 14 cm, used for cutting||Medium resistant to diseases and pests||Resistance to frost - medium|
|Ballad||Plant height - about 45 cm, color - lilac with a white border, flower height - 10 - 12 cm||Medium disease resistance||In the northern regions should be sheltered for the winter|
If flower growers comply with all the basic rules for planting tulips in late autumn, then at the beginning of next season beautiful flowers will appear on their flower beds that will delight the eye in spring.